reports although the government’s initiatives on ‘Start-up India’ have not yielded much success, one front where it has outshined has been artificial intelligence. Ranked thirteen in a recent survey of AI forward countries, India has been home to over two hundred start-ups working in the field of AI innovations. Not only the private sector, but the government has also been making headwinds concerning AI adoption. Recently, it announced incorporation of artificial intelligence and machine learning to streamline the legislative business of both the upper and the lower house. Even the state governments of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh have been trying to incorporate cloud-based solutions to smoothen the administrative process. More important, and noteworthy, have been the efforts of NITI Aayog towards artificial intelligence.
The advisory body, in addition to announcing an AI-based crop-yield prediction model, has launched initiatives like #AIforAll to make technology more pervasive. Last year, it presented a discussion paper on National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence. NITI Aayog identified five sectors—healthcare, agriculture, education, smart cities and smart mobility—linking each to a government programme. For instance, in the case of smart mobility, it tied the modernisation of railways with safety features incorporating the use of machine learning and artificial intelligence.The push towards AI is in light of recent developments on the global stage.
Although India still lags behind countries like US and Israel with regards to participative governance, the growth in terms of events has been tremendous. Just in the case of NITI Aayog, the advisory body has sponsored over half a dozen hackathons in the last year. If we were to include government-sponsored innovation, this number would more than double.